Colloquium Brief

A Colloquium on U.S. National Security Policy, Military Strategy: Understanding the Environment for Contemporary Warfare

Author: Mr Dave Lewis, Dr Steve Maxner, Dr Dennis Patterson Key Insights from this colloquium are: • Establishing and continuing a collaborative dialogue between traditional academic institutions and disciplines and the nation’s next generation of senior officers is not just beneficial, it is essential to U.S. national security. • Scholars in universities and the nation’s …

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Other People’s Wars: PLA Lessons from Foreign Conflicts

Author: Mr Daniel Alderman, Mr Joe Narus Key Insights: • The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has not fought in a major war since 1979, but has studied the lessons of modern foreign conflicts from throughout the world. In some cases, those lessons have resulted in observable changes to the PLA’s strategic, tactical, or operational …

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Brazil’s Security Strategy and Defense Doctrine

Author: Mr Andrew Fishman, Dr Max G Manwaring Brazil is a developing nation well situated in time and place. Unlike other areas of the world, it has no bloody religious or ethnic conflicts, and its last border conflict took place in the early 19th century. However, Brazil is the most populous Latin American nation, with …

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Security and Governance: Foundations for International Stability

Author: Mr Dru Lauzon, Mr Andrew Vine Stability operations in fragile states are likely to remain an important focus of the foreign policy of Western countries for the foreseeable future. The central question to consider when launching these operations is whether a particular type of intervention is more effective than others, and to determine what …

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A New Chapter in Trans-American Engagement

Author: Ms Eva Silkwood Baker, Dr Max G Manwaring Key insights developed from the issues discussed at the 2010 Western Hemisphere Security Colloquium include: • The need to advance regional understanding of the contemporary security partnership situation in the Hemisphere: An educational and conceptual requirement; • The need to foster a broader partnership focus on …

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Preparing for a Mid-Term Assessment of Leadership and National Security Reform in the Obama Administration

Author: Mr Jared E Bennett, Dr Joseph R Cerami, Dr Robert H Dorff Key Insights: • The initiatives for the extensive national security reform that is required to meet current threats will have to come from outside of the executive branch bureaucracy. This is true even though former senior members of the Project on National …

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Drug Trafficking, Violence, and Instability in Mexico, Colombia, and the Caribbean: Implications for U.S. National Security

Author: Mr Evan Brown, Dr Dallas D Owens Key Insights from the conference included: (1) The relationships between powerful criminal groups and states are complex and create transnational issues of corruption and the production, transportation, marketing, and consumption of illegal products and services that have national security implications for most states in the Western Hemisphere. …

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The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

Author: Mr Daniel Alderman Participants considered the PLA’s relationship with the Chinese Communist Party; trends in the PLA’s ongoing reforms to informationalize, mechanize, and adapt to China’s evolving defense needs; and the PLA’s role in tackling internal security challenges. PLA operations abroad were discussed, with participants assessing trends in the pace, scope, goals, and success …

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Leadership and National Security Reform Conference

Author: Dr Joseph R Cerami, Dr Jeffrey A Engel, Ms Lindsey K Pavelka In Washington, DC, on June 24, 2009, the Bush School of Government and Public Service, the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs at Texas A&M University, and the U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute conducted a conference on Leadership and Government Reform. …

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Strategic Implications of Emerging Technologies

Author: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II KEY INSIGHTS: • The conference could only scratch the surface regarding the strategic implications of several important emerging technologies, namely, biogenetics, biometrics, nanotechnologies, robotics, artificial intelligence, alternative energies, and electromagnetic weaponry. More research is needed in the form of additional conferences, individual studies, and war games, comparing the development …

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PLA Missions Beyond Taiwan

Author: Mr Marc Miller The interplay between China’s armed forces and its complex foreign policy and international security environment was examined in order to understand the requirements of several newly emerging PLA missions, and to consider how these specific interactions affect policy towards Taiwan and the wider Asia-Pacific region. Three conclusions were reached: (1) The …

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Civil-Military Relations in a Post-9/11 World

Author: Dr Leonard Wong The civil-military relationship, and specifically the interaction between civilian leadership and uniformed military leaders, relies on the attitudes and actions of both civilians and the military. Although recently there has been tension in the relationship between civilian leadership and the uniformed (and retired) military, there is currently no crisis in the …

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State of the U.S. Military Reserve Components

Author: Dr Dallas D Owens, Mr Ralph Wipfli Key Insights from this seminar were (1) Without significant participation by the Reserve Components (RC), effective current and near future military operations and domestic emergency response would not be possible. (2) The current debate about designation of the RC as operational or strategic is largely artificial and …

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Borders: Technology and Security–Strategic Responses to New Challenges

Author: Dr Douglas V Johnson II The following points were put forth by colloquium participants. The concept of a border as a line on the ground is insufficient for today’s realities. The concept of border security obscures larger issues of control and humane management. The European Union approach to interior border management differs from that …

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Opportunities for Engaging Minorities

Author: Dr Dallas D Owens Five aspects of minority community engagement in national security issues were examined: two concerned engagement in specific minority communities (Muslim and Latino), one a “field” of engagement (public health), one a traditional type of engagement (military service), and one a prerequisite for successful community engagement (effective leadership). The five aspects …

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COIN of the Realm: U.S. Counterinsurgency Strategy

Author: Dr Steven Metz, Mr Ralph Wipfli Participants at the seminar developed these key insights: ? Regardless of whether counterinsurgency (COIN) will be the dominant form of military activity in the future or simply one of several, the United States needs an effective national strategy which explains when, why, and how the nation should undertake …

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The “People” in the PLA: Recruitment, Training, and Education in China’s 80-Year-Old Military

Author: Mr Justin B Liang, Dr Sarah K Snyder Three conclusions were reached: (1) China’s ideal “new type” of military officer is university educated and possesses the technical competence and physical ability to handle actual combat against a modern, high-tech adversary. (2) Driven by the understanding of the critical and integral role of soldiers to …

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The Evolution of U.S.-Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context

Author: Dr W Andrew Terrill Key Insights: • Turkish accession to the European Union (EU) remains a central question in determining the future of Turkish relations with Western Europe and the United States. Any support that the United States can give to the acceleration of Turkish accession will be valuable and helpful to these ties. …

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Global Climate Change: National Security Implications

Author: Dr Douglas V Johnson II On March 29-31, 2007, the Strategic Studies Institute and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies conducted a colloquium on “Global Climate Change: National Security Implications.” Other supporting organizations included the Army Environmental Policy Institute, The Center for Global Change (Duke University), Creative Associates, The Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy …

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