21st Century Warfare

A Whole-of-Government Approach to Gray Zone Warfare

Author: Ms. Elizabeth G. Troeder This monograph provides an assessment of gray zone tactics used by the most active U.S. adversaries and builds the case for requiring U.S. Federal agencies to request that the Deputy National Security Advisor convene a National Security Council/Deputies Committee (NSC/DC) meeting whenever any Federal agency deems a gray zone approach …

A Whole-of-Government Approach to Gray Zone Warfare Read More »

Maneuver and Manipulation: On the Military Strategy of Online Information Warfare

Author: Mr. Tim Hwang How should the defense community best organize to combat modern campaigns of propaganda and disinformation? Without a broader strategic concept of the nature of the challenge posed by these techniques, current efforts and investments run the risk of simply chasing the latest tactics without establishing enduring security. This monograph offers a …

Maneuver and Manipulation: On the Military Strategy of Online Information Warfare Read More »

The Army Role in Achieving Deterrence in Cyberspace

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton In 2015, the Department of Defense (DoD) released the DoD Cyber Strategy which explicitly calls for a comprehensive strategy to provide credible deterrence in cyberspace against threats from key state and nonstate actors. To be effective, such activities must be coordinated with ongoing deterrence efforts in the physical realm, especially …

The Army Role in Achieving Deterrence in Cyberspace Read More »

Implications of Service Cyberspace Component Commands for Army Cyberspace Operations

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton The first 7 years of U.S. Cyber Command operations are paved with milestones that mark the steady operationalization of modern cyberspace as the newest domain of military conflict as well as a realm of international power. The creation of the Cyber Mission Force and Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber are significant steps …

Implications of Service Cyberspace Component Commands for Army Cyberspace Operations Read More »

Examining the Roles of Army Reserve Component Forces in Military Cyberspace Operations

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton Cyberspace operations have become pervasive in the United States, and they enable many aspects of modern life for the average citizen, such as entertainment, communication, education, transportation, banking, and voting. The continuing development of the U.S. Army and Department of Defense (DoD) Reserve component cyberspace units can leverage the capabilities …

Examining the Roles of Army Reserve Component Forces in Military Cyberspace Operations Read More »

The Dual-System Problem in Complex Conflicts

Author: Ms. Melissa Gregg, Dr. Robert D. Lamb Conflict and fragile environments are increasingly complex and unpredictable, but the U.S. policy system itself is much more complex and unpredictable than most leaders appreciate. In this monograph, the authors argue that until we get a grasp on this “dual-system problem,” the United States will fall further …

The Dual-System Problem in Complex Conflicts Read More »

Impacts of Anti-Access/Area Denial Measures on Space Systems: Issues and Implications for Army and Joint Forces

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton The 2018 National Defense Strategy and National Space Strategy both reaffirm the vital interests that the United States has in the domain of space. However, space remains an inherently hostile environment that has become congested, contested, and competitive among the nations. What are ways for the U.S. Army to assure …

Impacts of Anti-Access/Area Denial Measures on Space Systems: Issues and Implications for Army and Joint Forces Read More »

Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future-Second Edition

Author: Mr Henry D Sokolski Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition explores what nuclear future we may face over the next three decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How dire …

Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future-Second Edition Read More »

Radical Islamist English-Language Online Magazines: Research Guide, Strategic Insights, and Policy Response

Author: Pamela L. Bunker, Dr Robert J Bunker This Strategic Studies Institute book provides a comprehensive research guide to radical Islamist English-language online magazines, eBooks, and assorted radical Islamist news magazines, reports, and pocketbooks published between April-May 2007 and November 2016, and generates strategic insights and policy response options. Download PDF

The Land, Space, and Cyberspace Nexus: Evolution of the Oldest Military Operations in the Newest Military Domains

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton Over the last century, the domains of air, space, and cyberspace have joined the traditional warfighting domains of land and sea. While the doctrine for land operations is relatively mature, the doctrine for space and cyberspace continue to evolve, often in an unstructured manner. This monograph examines the relationships among …

The Land, Space, and Cyberspace Nexus: Evolution of the Oldest Military Operations in the Newest Military Domains Read More »

Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton In 2011, the Department of Defense (DoD) released its Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, which officially recognized cyberspace as an operational domain akin to the traditional military domains of land, sea, air, and space. This monograph examines the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy to evaluate how well its five strategic goals …

Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain Read More »

Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army

Editor: Mr Samuel R White Jr The Defense Innovation Initiative (DII), begun in November 2014 by former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, is intended to ensure U.S. military superiority throughout the 21st century. The DII seeks broad-based innovation across the spectrum of concepts, research and development, capabilities, leader development, wargaming, and business practices. An essential …

Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army Read More »

Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC

Author: Dr Jean-Loup Samaan Although collective security in the Gulf is the topic of numerous policy publications, most of the available literature focuses on the political environment without considering the operational requirements of this scenario. This monograph offers an evaluation of Gulf defense cooperation programs in order to stir the discussion on the future of …

Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC Read More »

Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky A series of megatrends will present a major challenge to the United States in the coming decades, exposing it to crises and opportunities on the battlefield and in the market. The U.S. military should stand ready to harness these dynamics to retain its edge in an operational environment marked by increased …

Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics Read More »

The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War

Author: MAJ Daniel D. Maurer This monograph reimagines war’s fundamental nature, extending Clausewitz’s theory of its political origin and “Trinitarian” elements in a way that embraces alternative, sociological explanations like that of John Keegan. Ultimately, it proposes a new way to visualize the complexities of war’s intrinsic elements, operating at any scale, and expresses war …

The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War Read More »

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Does history repeat itself? This monograph clearly answers “no,” firmly. However, it does not argue that an absence of repetition in the sense of analogy means that history can have no utility for the soldier today. This monograph argues for a “historical parallelism,” in place of shaky or false analogy. …

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit Read More »

21st-Century Challenges of Command: A View from the Field

Author: Dr Anna Simons Leadership receives a tremendous amount of attention, but what about the day-to-day command challenges that confront O-4s, O-5s, and O-6s in today’s war zones? What has command entailed over the past decade and a half for special operations force (SOF) commanders who have deployed to Afghanistan (and Iraq) either to lead …

21st-Century Challenges of Command: A View from the Field Read More »