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The Quest for Military Cooperation in North Africa: Prospects and Challenges

Author: Dr Mohammed El-Katiri North Africa’s security landscape has worsened in the aftermath of the political events of the Arab Spring. Libya’s dire state of affairs has had significant repercussions not only on its internal security and stability, but also on that of its neighboring countries, particularly the ones with long and exposed land borders. …

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Hidden Dragon, Crouching Lion: How China’s Advance in Africa is Underestimated and Africa’s Potential Underappreciated

Author: Mr David E Brown The explosive growth of China’s economic interests in Africa—bilateral trade rocketed from $1 billion in 1990 to $150 billion in 2011—may be the most important trend in the continent’s foreign relations since the end of the Cold War. In 2010, China surpassed the United States as Africa’s top trading partner; …

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India in Africa: Implications of an Emerging Power for AFRICOM and U.S. Strategy

Author: Dr J Peter Pham This monograph examines India’s rapidly expanding network of influence in Africa. The author analyzes the country’s burgeoning public and private investments in the region as well as its policies vis-à-vis African regional organizations and individual states, especially in the security sector. After reviewing the historic role that India has played …

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Civilian Skills for African Military Officers to Resolve the Infrastructure, Economic Development, and Stability Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Ms Diane E Chido For decades, a lack of economic opportunity has caused instability and violence in Sub-Saharan Africa. Fortunately, U.S. Africa Command (USAFRICOM) is in a unique position to increase stability and reduce the causes of violence and extremism through new partnerships and military-to-military training. The current training approach is very likely to …

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Funding Defense: Challenges of Buying Military Capability in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: COL Daniel W Henk, Dr Martin Revayi Rupiya Martin Rupiya, Director of the University of Zimbabwe’s Centre for Defence Studies, and Daniel Henk of the Air War College provide one of the first comprehensive studies of defense budgeting practices in Africa. They assess both the problems with these practices and fruitful avenues of reform. …

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Refining American Strategy in Africa

Author: Dr Steven Metz The author provides a broad overview of the African security environment as a basis for recommendations on the refinement of American strategy in that region. He assesses both the opportunities for positive change which exist today, and the obstacles. While only Africans themselves can determine the future of their region, an …

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Conflict and Conflict Resolution in the Sahel: The Tuareg Insurgency in Mali

Author: LTC Kalifa Keita June 27, 1990, is a significant date in the recent history of Mali. It marks the beginning of what Malians call “The Second Tuareg Rebellion.” The first had been staged against the post-colonial Malian government in 1963. The national government had suppressed that rebellion with harsh coercive measures, and the Tuaregs …

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The United States and the Transformation of African Security: The African Crisis Response Initiative and Beyond

Author: COL Daniel W Henk, Dr Steven Metz Helping Africans develop a capability to avoid or solve their region’s security problems has reemerged recently as an important goal of American strategy, and the African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI) is its centerpiece. Based on their testimony presented to the Africa Subcommittee of the U.S. House of …

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Military Medical Operations in Sub-Saharan Africa: THE DoD

Author: LTC C William Fox Jr Lieutenant Colonel C. William Fox, Jr., a physician who has had extensive experience in U.S. activities in Africa over the past two decades, has personally supervised operations that have considerable potential as models for future regional involvement. In this publication, he offers a rationale and vision for future DoD …

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Reform, Conflict, and Security in Zaire

Author: Dr Steven Metz U.S. foreign policy in Sub-Saharan Africa seeks stability, democracy, and economic development. Despite recent positive trends, it is clear that not all African countries will move in this direction; some will sink into greater violence and misery. In the central part of the continent, Zaire is the linchpin. Because of its …

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Armies and Democracy in the New Africa: Lessons from Nigeria and South Africa

Author: Dr Kent Hughes Butts, Dr Steven Metz In October 1994, the Strategic Studies Institute sponsored a roundtable on democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Particular attention was paid to the role the U.S. military and Department of Defense played in democracy support. This study developed from a paper presented at the roundtable. Dr. Butts and Dr. …

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Disaster and Intervention in Sub-Saharan Africa: Learning from Rwanda

Author: Dr Steven Metz Rwanda’s horrific civil war suggests that human disasters requiring outside intervention will remain common in Sub-Saharan Africa. The American people want a prompt and effective response to human disasters when the United States becomes involved. The Army is taking steps to enhance its demonstrated effectiveness at such operations. Steven Metz examines …

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U.S. Africa Policy: Some Possible Course Adjustment

Author: AMB Daniel H Simpson Ambassador Daniel H. Simpson addresses the question of U.S. interests in Africa and past, present, and future U.S. policy toward that continent of more than 50 countries and 800 million people on an analytic basis, followed by clear recommendations. His presentation of U.S. strategic interests in Africa permits clear analysis …

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