Asia-Pacific

Avoiding the Trap: U.S. Strategy and Policy for Competing in the Asia-Pacific Beyond the Rebalance

Editor: COL (R) Frederick J. Gellert, Dr David Lai, Prof John F Troxell The Trump administration has recently called for a free and open Indo-Pacific, essentially replacing the Obama-era “Rebalance.” This U.S. Army War College report provides prescient analysis and policy recommendations on how to proceed down the path to this call while simultaneously managing …

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Turning It Up to Eleven: Belligerent Rhetoric in North Korea’s Propaganda

Author: Dr Mason Richey After contextualizing North Korea’s capacity for belligerent rhetoric directed toward the United States and its northeast Asian allies, the author examines the contention that rhetoric from Pyongyang represents a conflict escalation risk or even a casus belli. The results of statistical tests indicate a negative correlation between Pyongyang’s rhetoric and international …

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U.S.-China Competition: Asia-Pacific Land Force Implications – A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. Army Pacific Command and Headquarters, Department of the Army, Directorate of Strategy and Policy (HQDA G-35)

Author: Prof William G Braun III, Dr David Lai The context of the Asia-Pacific rivalry between the United States and China has evolved over the last 5 or 6 decades. Issues associated with territorial dispute resolution, response to a bellicose nuclear-armed North Korea, and partner concerns over China’s increasingly assertive foreign policy now challenge the …

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The Pivot to Asia: Can it Serve as the Foundation for American Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

Author: Dr Douglas Stuart Deciding when, where, and how to prioritize is the essence of strategy. U.S. President Barack Obama’s decision to designate the Indo-Asia-Pacific (IAP) as his top regional priority made good sense, in light of the ongoing shift in economic power from West to East and the rise of China as a potential …

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India’s Evolving Nuclear Force and Implications for U.S. Strategy in the Asia-Pacific

Author: Mr Yogesh Joshi, Dr Frank O’Donnell, Dr Harsh V Pant Since India declared itself a nuclear weapon state in May 1998, its nuclear capabilities have grown significantly. India is now on the verge of acquiring a triad of nuclear delivery systems. Its increasing nuclear profile has also stirred a debate on its stated nuclear …

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Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky India’s impressive economic growth over the last two and a half decades has brought India’s role and interests to the forefront of global politics and statecraft. Importantly, it has put India into a comparative perspective with China, another aspiring Asian great power poised to stiffen competition for resources and influence worldwide. …

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Duffer’s Shoal: A Strategic Dream of the Pacific Command Area of Responsibility

Author: COL Russell N Bailey, LTC Bob Dixon, Ms Laura McAleer, LTC Derek J O’Malley, COL (NZ) Christopher J Parsons, COL Elizabeth R Smith This strategic assessment seeks to go beyond a traditional comparative analysis of the military, technological, political, cultural, and economic factors governing the relationships and capabilities of the Asia Pacific environment. To …

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The Chinese People’s Liberation Army in 2025

Editor: Mr Roy Kamphausen, Dr David Lai This volume is of special relevance in light of the profound changes occurring within the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA). China’s desire to develop a military commensurate with its diverse interests is both legitimate and understandable. The challenge for U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM) is to understand how China …

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China’s Rise and Reconfiguration of Central Asia’s Geopolitics: A Case for U.S.

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky China’s emergence as a global actor has questioned the position of the United States as the strongest power and the future of the Washington-led global order. To achieve the status of a truly global player wielding influence in all dimensions of power would require China to leverage its regional influence in …

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Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises

Author: Dr Richard Weitz China and Russia have engaged in an increasing number of joint exercises in recent years. These drills aim to help them deter and, if necessary, defeat potential threats, such as Islamist terrorists trying to destabilize a Central Asian government, while at the same time reassuring their allies that Russia and China …

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China-ASEAN Relations: Perspectives, Prospects, and Implications for U.S. Interests

Author: Dr Jing-dong Yuan The author traces the evolution of China-ASEAN relations since the early 1990s and examines some of the key factors that have contributed to the positive developments in bilateral ties. He describes and analyzes how China and ASEAN have managed the territorial disputes through negotiation and compromises; looks at the expanding economic …

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The Costs of Conflict: The Impact on China of a Future War

Author: Dr Andrew Scobell It is increasingly important for Americans to think carefully about the vast complexities of the U.S.-China relationship, and the calculations that go into forming courses of action. The key question is: will China s so-called first priority of economic development and its resulting influence on domestic social stability curtail China s …

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U.S. Army and the Asia-Pacific

Author: Dr Andrew Scobell The United States has key economic and security interests in the Asia-Pacific region. In recent decades, the Asia-Pacific has experienced rapid economic growth, a wave of democratization, and the emergence of a web of regional and sub regional multilateral institutions. All these developments have contributed to enhancing the pace and prosperity …

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Planning for a Peaceful Korea

Author: Mr Henry D Sokolski With the change of administrations in Washington, current U.S. policy toward North Korea will naturally undergo review and scrutiny. The essays in this volume offer an option to the current engagement approach. The authors suggest an alternative strategy for promoting peace and security in the Korean peninsula different from the …

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The Asia-Pacific in the U.S. National Security Calculus for a New Millennium

Author: Dr Andrew Scobell, Dr Larry M Wortzel The authors of this monograph survey the challenges to U.S. national security that confront this diverse and dynamic region, highlighting the particularly volatile situation that continues on the Korean peninsula. Beyond continued U.S. attention to maintaining a robust military presence and steadfast U.S. alliances, they argue that …

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Theater Missile Defense in Japan: Implications for the U.S.-China-Japan Strategic Relationship

Author: COL Patrick M O’Donogue Colonel Patrick M. O’Donogue (U.S. Army War College class of 2000) considers a topic of key importance to U.S. national security. Perhaps no security matter (with the exception of National Missile Defense) is as contentious globally as Theater Missile Defense (TMD). The question of U.S. assistance to Japan to develop …

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Asia-Pacific Security: China’s Conditional Multilateralism and Great Power Entente

Author: Dr Jing-dong Yuan According to Dr. Jing-dong Yuan, China now recognizes that multilateral engagement is unavoidable and indeed can be useful in advancing China’s interests. China’s embrace of multilateralism, however, varies depending upon the particular forum and specific issue. Furthermore, Dr. Yuan contends China remains leery of entering into arrangements that might constrain its …

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The Future U.S. Military Presence in Asia: Landpower and the Geostrategy of American Commitment

Author: Maj Gen Robert H Scales, Dr Larry M Wortzel The United States strategic framework in the Pacific has three parts: peacetime engagement, as described above, which includes a forward presence; crisis response, which builds on forward-stationed forces, the “boots-on-the ground” and, if necessary, fighting and winning any conflict that might develop. The mechanisms to …

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Pacific Security Today: Overcoming the Hurdles

Author: Mr Thomas M Molino In November 1998, Science Applications International Corporation’s (SAIC) Center for Global Security and Cooperation, in conjunction with the U.S. Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute and the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), cosponsored its first Asia security conference at the NPS in Monterey, California. Entitled the Annual Conference on Pacific Security …

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