China

Senior Conference 55—The Emerging Environment in the Indo-Pacific Region: Drivers, Directions, and Decisions

Editors: Dr Terry Babcock-Lumish, COL Tania Chacho, MAJ Tom Fox, MAJ Zachary Griffiths As the Indo-Pacific region enters a period of uncertainty, this monograph details the proceedings of West Point’s 2019 Senior Conference 55. Scholars and practitioners convened to discuss and debate strategic changes, and experts shared thoughts during keynote addresses and panels on economics, …

Senior Conference 55—The Emerging Environment in the Indo-Pacific Region: Drivers, Directions, and Decisions Read More »

Parameters VOL. 48 NO. 4 Winter 2018-19

Editor: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II FEATURES: Special Commentary “Civil-Military Relations and Today’s Policy Environment” by Thomas N. Garner. Coercion: New Means & Methods. “Social Media Warriors: Leveraging a New Battlespace” by Buddhika B. Jayamaha and Jahara Matisek. “Multidimensionality: Rethinking Power Projection for the 21st Century” by David J. Katz. Technological Innovation: Problems & Prospects: …

Parameters VOL. 48 NO. 4 Winter 2018-19 Read More »

Strategic Insights: Making Good on the NSS and NDS: Competing with Russia in Europe and Beyond

Author: Dr John R Deni In January, the Trump administration released its first National Defense Strategy (NDS), which closely followed the December 2017 release of the new National Security Strategy (NSS). Both of these documents call for a fundamental shift in the U.S. approach to security, emphasizing competition against Russia and China at the expense …

Strategic Insights: Making Good on the NSS and NDS: Competing with Russia in Europe and Beyond Read More »

Promoting U.S.-Indian Defense Cooperation: Opportunities and Obstacles

Author: Dr Richard Weitz The U.S.-Indian security relationship has markedly improved since the Cold War with increased cooperation in a range of areas. The two countries have established stronger military, economic, and political ties based on mutual interests in combating terrorism, promoting democracy, preventing weapons of mass destruction (WMD) proliferation, and addressing China’s rise. Their …

Promoting U.S.-Indian Defense Cooperation: Opportunities and Obstacles Read More »

Indian and Chinese Engagement in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Comparative Assessment

Author: Dr R Evan Ellis This monograph comparatively examines the content and country focus of high-level diplomacy for each of the two actors, as well as the volume and patterns of trade, the activities of Indian and Chinese companies in the region, and their relationship to their respective governments in eight sectors: (1) petroleum and …

Indian and Chinese Engagement in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Comparative Assessment Read More »

China’s Interests and Goals in the Arctic: Implications for the United States

Author: Dr Elizabeth Wishnick China has been elaborating its position on the Arctic at the same time as the United States has been refining its own Arctic strategy as Chairman of the Arctic Council through April 2017. This Letort Paper examines the geopolitical implications of China’s growing involvement in the Arctic for U.S. interests. First, …

China’s Interests and Goals in the Arctic: Implications for the United States Read More »

The Pivot to Asia: Can it Serve as the Foundation for American Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

Author: Dr Douglas Stuart Deciding when, where, and how to prioritize is the essence of strategy. U.S. President Barack Obama’s decision to designate the Indo-Asia-Pacific (IAP) as his top regional priority made good sense, in light of the ongoing shift in economic power from West to East and the rise of China as a potential …

The Pivot to Asia: Can it Serve as the Foundation for American Grand Strategy in the 21st Century Read More »

Taking the Fight to the Enemy: Chinese Thinking about Long-Distance and Expeditionary Operations

Author: Dr Larry M Wortzel According to many analysts of China’s military, when an officer of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) suggests new forms of operations, expanded domains of warfare, or new weapons systems, American security planners can dismiss these projections as merely “aspirational” thinking. This assessment of the PLA Academy of Military Science …

Taking the Fight to the Enemy: Chinese Thinking about Long-Distance and Expeditionary Operations Read More »

Training Humans for the Human Domain

Author: Mr Keir Giles, Dr Steve Tatham Experience from Afghanistan and Iraq has demonstrated the vital nature of understanding human terrain, with conclusions relevant far beyond counterinsurgency operations in the Islamic world. Any situation where adversary actions are described as “irrational” demonstrates a fundamental failure in understanding the human dimension of the conflict. It follows …

Training Humans for the Human Domain Read More »

Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky India’s impressive economic growth over the last two and a half decades has brought India’s role and interests to the forefront of global politics and statecraft. Importantly, it has put India into a comparative perspective with China, another aspiring Asian great power poised to stiffen competition for resources and influence worldwide. …

Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia Read More »

China’s Rise and Reconfiguration of Central Asia’s Geopolitics: A Case for U.S.

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky China’s emergence as a global actor has questioned the position of the United States as the strongest power and the future of the Washington-led global order. To achieve the status of a truly global player wielding influence in all dimensions of power would require China to leverage its regional influence in …

China’s Rise and Reconfiguration of Central Asia’s Geopolitics: A Case for U.S. Read More »

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army in 2025

Editor: Mr Roy Kamphausen, Dr David Lai This volume is of special relevance in light of the profound changes occurring within the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA). China’s desire to develop a military commensurate with its diverse interests is both legitimate and understandable. The challenge for U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM) is to understand how China …

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army in 2025 Read More »

Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises

Author: Dr Richard Weitz China and Russia have engaged in an increasing number of joint exercises in recent years. These drills aim to help them deter and, if necessary, defeat potential threats, such as Islamist terrorists trying to destabilize a Central Asian government, while at the same time reassuring their allies that Russia and China …

Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises Read More »

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army and Information Warfare

Author: Dr Larry M Wortzel On November 23, 2013, the Chinese government announced plans to establish a new air defense intercept zone which will include the Diaoyu or Senkaku Islands, sovereignty over which is disputed by Japan, China, and Taiwan. Due to complaints of cyber penetrations attributed to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, U.S. Departments …

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army and Information Warfare Read More »

Hidden Dragon, Crouching Lion: How China’s Advance in Africa is Underestimated and Africa’s Potential Underappreciated

Author: Mr David E Brown The explosive growth of China’s economic interests in Africa—bilateral trade rocketed from $1 billion in 1990 to $150 billion in 2011—may be the most important trend in the continent’s foreign relations since the end of the Cold War. In 2010, China surpassed the United States as Africa’s top trading partner; …

Hidden Dragon, Crouching Lion: How China’s Advance in Africa is Underestimated and Africa’s Potential Underappreciated Read More »

Asia-Pacific Security: China’s Conditional Multilateralism and Great Power Entente

Author: Dr Jing-dong Yuan According to Dr. Jing-dong Yuan, China now recognizes that multilateral engagement is unavoidable and indeed can be useful in advancing China’s interests. China’s embrace of multilateralism, however, varies depending upon the particular forum and specific issue. Furthermore, Dr. Yuan contends China remains leery of entering into arrangements that might constrain its …

Asia-Pacific Security: China’s Conditional Multilateralism and Great Power Entente Read More »

Pacific Security Today: Overcoming the Hurdles

Author: Mr Thomas M Molino In November 1998, Science Applications International Corporation’s (SAIC) Center for Global Security and Cooperation, in conjunction with the U.S. Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute and the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), cosponsored its first Asia security conference at the NPS in Monterey, California. Entitled the Annual Conference on Pacific Security …

Pacific Security Today: Overcoming the Hurdles Read More »

East Asia in Crisis: The Security Implications of the Collapse of Economic Institutions

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank The challenges to the United States and to its armed forces are numerous and highly significant. Moreover, we must begin to address them now even if other institutions cannot or will not do so with us. Those crises comprise ASEAN’s decline as a meaningful security provider, Russia’s collapse, Japan’s stagnation, …

East Asia in Crisis: The Security Implications of the Collapse of Economic Institutions Read More »

“Enhancing” the Australian-U.S. Defense Relationship: A Guide to U.S. Policy

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young Notwithstanding the end of U.S. basing in the Philippines, a revised defense framework with Japan, and starts and stops in Chinese-American military contacts, U.S. security relationships in the Pacific have enjoyed remarkable continuity since the end of the Cold War. The United States has promoted, thus far successfully, its role as …

“Enhancing” the Australian-U.S. Defense Relationship: A Guide to U.S. Policy Read More »