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Professionalizing the Iraqi Army: US Engagement after the Islamic State

Author: Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff Security cooperation with Iraq remains a critical component of the US-Iraq relationship. Despite neighboring Iran’s ability to limit US political and economic engagement, Iraq still seeks US assistance to develop its military and to combat resurgent terrorist organizations. This monograph provides a historical and cultural basis from which to understand …

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Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future

Author: Mr Henry D Sokolski With the world focused on the nuclear crisis in Iran, it is tempting to think that addressing this case, North Korea, and the problem of nuclear terrorism is all that matters and is what matters most. Perhaps, but if states become more willing to use their nuclear weapons to achieve …

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The Saudi-Iranian Rivalry and the Future of Middle East Security

Author: Dr W Andrew Terrill Saudi Arabia and Iran have often behaved as serious rivals for influence in the Middle East and especially the Gulf area since at least Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution and the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War. While both nations define themselves as Islamic, the differences between their foreign policies could hardly be more …

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Jihadi Groups, Nuclear Pakistan, and the New Great Game

Author: Dr M Ehsan Ahrari For the United States and other nations concerned with security in South and Central Asia, one of the most ominous trends has been the growing influence of Jihadist groups in Pakistan which feel obligated to wage holy war against everything that they perceive as non-Islamic. Their objective would be a …

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Land Power and Dual Containment: Rethinking America’s Policy in the Gulf

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere In an attempt to regain some control of the strategic commodity, Washington developed special relationships with the two foremost oil procedures, Iran (under the Shah) and Saudi Arabia. In 1979 the Shah was overthrown and, with the rise of the Ayatollah Khomeini, America became—in the eyes of Iranians—the Great Satan. …

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Transnational Threats from the Middle East: Crying Wolf or Crying Havoc?

Author: Prof Anthony H Cordesman There is no doubt that the Middle East can present significant potential threats to the West. The author of this monograph examines these threats in order to put them into perspective–to distinguish between “crying wolf” and “crying havoc.” After thorough analysis, he contends that the problems caused by narcotics and …

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Security Implications of the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East

Author: Dr Sami G Hajjar This monograph addresses the important question of the security implications for the nations of the region of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. The Strategic Studies Institute is pleased to offer the monograph as a contribution to the national security debate on this important issue. …

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Searching for Stable Peace in the Persian Gulf

Author: Dr Kenneth Katzman, Dr Stephen C Pelletiere Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain …

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Managing Strains in the Coalition: What to Do About Saddam?

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere For 5 years U.S. policy has managed to steer a coalition of states which share broad interests in regional stability and free trade. Yet below these common interests, the United States has walked a tightrope stretched between competing objectives vis-à-vis Iraq, e.g., undermining Saddam while preserving Iraq as a counterweight …

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A Theory of Fundamentalism: An Inquiry into the Origin and Development of the Movement

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere Islamic fundamentalism is growing at such a rapid rate that many believe it threatens to take over the Middle East. To prevent this, enormous resources have been summoned, not only from within the region, but in the West as well. Yet, for all the efforts to contain, if not turn …

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Terrorism: National Security Policy and the Home Front

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere The recent bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma has highlighted the complexity of the phenomenon of political extremism. Until this occurred, inside the United States foreign terrorists were the focus of attention, particularly the so-called Islamic fundamentalists. Undue emphasis on the “foreign connection” can make it appear that only …

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Hamas and Hizbollah: The Radical Challenge to Israel in the Occupied Territories

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere This study argues that Hamas and Hizbollah, the two main religious groups fighting Israel, probably are more threatening to U.S. interests than is generally believed. It discusses the various openings that the groups were able to exploit to advance themselves, and particularly how they profited from errors on the Israelis’ …

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Responding to Terrorism across the Technological Spectrum

Author: Dr Bruce Hoffman In April 1994, the Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute held its annual Strategy Conference. This year’s theme was “The Revolution in Military Affairs: Defining an Army for the 21st Century.” Dr. Bruce Hoffman presented this paper as part of a panel examining “New Technologies and New Threats.” Terrorism, of course, …

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Turkey’s Strategic Position at the Crossroads of World Affairs

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank, Dr William T Johnsen, Dr Stephen C Pelletiere This report analyzes the implications of Turkey’s policies and the reactions of Turkey’s neighbors in three discrete chapters. The authors focus their conclusions and options for U.S. policymakers on the effect of Turkish policies in Europe, the Middle East, and the former …

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