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Corruption, Legitimacy, and Stability: Implications for the U.S. Army

Author: Dr Shima D Keene Corruption increases the level of instability and the risk of conflict by undermining the legitimacy and credibility of state institutions. It can be both a cause and effect of poor leadership and governance. States emerging from conflict are particularly vulnerable to corruption, due to the lack of good governance infrastructures; …

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21st-Century Challenges of Command: A View from the Field

Author: Dr Anna Simons Leadership receives a tremendous amount of attention, but what about the day-to-day command challenges that confront O-4s, O-5s, and O-6s in today’s war zones? What has command entailed over the past decade and a half for special operations force (SOF) commanders who have deployed to Afghanistan (and Iraq) either to lead …

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Social Media—The Vital Ground: Can We Hold It?

Author: Dr Steve Tatham, Mr. Ian Tunnicliffe The impact of social media on the media environment has been widely recognized; as has the ability of extremist and adversarial organizations to exploit social media to publicize their cause, spread their propaganda, and recruit vulnerable individuals. Supporting the growth of social media has been the phenomenal global …

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The Future Security Environment: Why the U.S. Army Must Differentiate and Grow Millennial Officer Talent

Author: COL Michael J Arnold The dynamic nature of the future security environment necessitates better retention of diversified talent among officers from the Millennial Generational Cohort. Although the U.S. Army has done well to attract a diverse and talented group of junior officers at commissioning, a revision of the Army’s Personnel System, that incorporates a …

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A Soldier’s Morality, Religion, and Our Professional Ethic: Does the Army’s Culture Facilitate Integration, Character Development, and Trust in the Profession?

Author: COL Alexander P Shine, Dr Don M Snider The authors argue that an urgent leadership issue has arisen which is strongly, but not favorably, influencing our professional culture—a hostility toward religion and its correct expressions within the military. Setting aside the role of Chaplains as a separate issue, the focus here is on the …

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Educating International Security Practitioners: Preparing to Face the Demands of the 21st Century International Security Environment

Author: Dr Linda P Brady, Dr Robert H Dorff, BG Daniel J Kaufman, Dr James M Smith The authors examine the challenges of the 21st century international security environment to which future strategic leaders and policy practitioners will need to respond. More specifically, they offer the reader insights into security studies and leadership development at …

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Political Control over the Use of Force: A Clausewitzian Perspective

Author: LTC Suzanne C Nielsen The author addresses the issues regarding the ideal relationship between the commander and the statesman in time of war and the balance between political control and military operational expertise by examining what Carl von Clausewitz has to say about civil- military relations and the use of force. She looks in …

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Generations Apart: Xers and Boomers in the Officer Corps

Author: Dr Leonard Wong The author addresses the junior officer attrition problem by identifying and discussing the disparity between senior and junior officers in terms of generational differences. Officers from the Baby Boom Generation think and perceive things differently than officers from Generation X. Using empirical evidence to support the generational differences literature, the author …

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Strategic Art: The New Discipline for 21st Century Leaders

Author: LTG Richard A Chilcoat This essay develops a simple, yet comprehensive definition of strategic art. Strategic art entails the orchestration of all the instruments of national power to yield specific, well-defined end states. Desired end states and strategic outcomes derive from the national interests and are variously defined in terms of physical security, economic …

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Making Do with Less, or Coping with Upton’s Ghost

Author: Dr Eliot A Cohen Each April the Strategic Studies Institute hosts a conference that addresses key strategic issues facing the Armed Forces and the Nation. This year’s theme, “Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present,” brought together scholars, serving and retired military officers, and civilian defense officials from the …

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American Civil-Military Relations: New Issues, Enduring Problems

Author: Dr Douglas V Johnson II, Dr Steven Metz The authors were invited to prepare a paper for a conference on Civil-Military Relations in the fall, 1994. That paper was translated into an article for the Winter, 1995 edition of The Washington Quarterly under the title “Civil-Military Relations in the United States: The State of …

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The Military-News Media Relationship: Thinking Forward

Author: Dr Rod Lyon, COL Charles W Ricks, Prof William T Tow Over the course of the next six months, the Strategic Studies Institute will examine the impact of the media’s technological advances on strategic and operational level planning and policymaking, first in an overseas theater, and subsequently on decisions made at the national level. …

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General George C. Marshall: Strategic Leadership and the Challenges of Reconstituting the Army, 1939-41

Author: COL John T Nelson II The study of strategic leadership as a formal, analytical concept is relatively new. Therefore, concrete, historical examples of leaders who have wrestled with the width and breadth of strategic-level challenges are of inestimable value. Marshall’s contributions were no accident of history. They resulted from the exercise of effective strategic …

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