Russia

Parameters VOL. 48 NO. 4 Winter 2018-19

Editor: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II FEATURES: Special Commentary “Civil-Military Relations and Today’s Policy Environment” by Thomas N. Garner. Coercion: New Means & Methods. “Social Media Warriors: Leveraging a New Battlespace” by Buddhika B. Jayamaha and Jahara Matisek. “Multidimensionality: Rethinking Power Projection for the 21st Century” by David J. Katz. Technological Innovation: Problems & Prospects: …

Parameters VOL. 48 NO. 4 Winter 2018-19 Read More »

Deterring Russia in the Gray Zone

Author: Michael C. McCarthy, Matthew A. Moyer, Brett H. Venable The United States lacks a cohesive strategy to deter Russian aggression. Despite being militarily and economically inferior, Russia has undermined the United States and its allies by exploiting the “gray zone,” or the conceptual space between war and peace where nations compete to advance their …

Deterring Russia in the Gray Zone Read More »

Current Russia Military Affairs

Editor: Dr John R Deni What are the key strategic objectives of Russian foreign and security policy? How has Russian operational planning been affected by experiences in Georgia, Ukraine, and elsewhere in recent years? What international or domestic factors most influence Russian force modernization? These and other questions were at the top of the agenda …

Current Russia Military Affairs Read More »

Strategic Insights: Making Good on the NSS and NDS: Competing with Russia in Europe and Beyond

Author: Dr John R Deni In January, the Trump administration released its first National Defense Strategy (NDS), which closely followed the December 2017 release of the new National Security Strategy (NSS). Both of these documents call for a fundamental shift in the U.S. approach to security, emphasizing competition against Russia and China at the expense …

Strategic Insights: Making Good on the NSS and NDS: Competing with Russia in Europe and Beyond Read More »

The Turning Point for Russian Foreign Policy

Author: Mr Keir Giles This Letort Paper analyzes the drivers of assertive military action by Russia, as exemplified by interventions in Ukraine and Syria. It identifies key turning points in Russia’s perception of external threat, and the roots of Russian responses to this threat making use of a capacity for military, political, and diplomatic leverage …

The Turning Point for Russian Foreign Policy Read More »

Strategic Landpower and a Resurgent Russia: An Operational Approach to Deterrence, A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. European Command and U.S. Army Europe

Author: LTC R Reed Anderson, COL Patrick J Ellis, LTC Antonio M Paz, LTC Kyle A Reed, LTC Lendy Renegar, LTC John T Vaughan In support of U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) and U.S. European Command (EUCOM), this monograph explores whether and how the U.S. Army is prepared to respond to the challenges posed by Russia …

Strategic Landpower and a Resurgent Russia: An Operational Approach to Deterrence, A U.S. Army War College Integrated Research Project in Support of U.S. European Command and U.S. Army Europe Read More »

Training Humans for the Human Domain

Author: Mr Keir Giles, Dr Steve Tatham Experience from Afghanistan and Iraq has demonstrated the vital nature of understanding human terrain, with conclusions relevant far beyond counterinsurgency operations in the Islamic world. Any situation where adversary actions are described as “irrational” demonstrates a fundamental failure in understanding the human dimension of the conflict. It follows …

Training Humans for the Human Domain Read More »

The Hour of Truth: The Conflict in Ukraine–Implications for Europe’s Energy Security and the Lessons for the U.S. Army

Author: Mr Ivan Benovic, Dr Ariel Cohen Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, a number of gas disputes between Russia and Central and Eastern European countries have unveiled the strategic dependence of Europe on Russian piped gas. The recent Ukrainian crisis demonstrated that Europe has a desperate need to improve the security of its …

The Hour of Truth: The Conflict in Ukraine–Implications for Europe’s Energy Security and the Lessons for the U.S. Army Read More »

Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan

Author: Ms Zhulduz Baizakova, Mr Roger N McDermott Central Asia has been experiencing an increase or activation of radical Islamic movements over the last decade or so. These complex processes include increasing urbanization, institutional and individual corruption, the growing gap between rich and poor, the inability of the state to provide security, corruption in the …

Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan Read More »

The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past

Author: Dr R Evan Ellis In many ways, Russia’s expanded engagement in Latin America as a response to escalating tension over the Ukraine was a repetition of its answer to U.S. involvement in the 2008 conflict in the former Soviet Republic of Georgia. In the latter conflict, the U.S. deployed naval forces to the Black …

The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past Read More »

Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality

Author: Mr Keir Giles Russia’s actions in Ukraine are not the only challenge to relations with the United States. U.S. plans for ballistic missile defense (BMD) capability in Europe have led to aggressive rhetoric from Moscow, which continues at the time of this writing even though attention in the West is focused almost exclusively on …

Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality Read More »

From Cooperation to Competition: The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations

Author: COL Gregory K Anderson, LTC Karen LT Briggman, Dr John R Deni, LTC Joseph E Hilbert, COL Gert-Jan Kooij, LTC Christopher T Lay, Dr James C McNaughton Russian aggression in 2014 caught U.S. policy and strategy off guard, forcing reactive measures and reevaluation of the U.S. approach toward Russia. Moscow employed nonlinear methodologies and …

From Cooperation to Competition: The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations Read More »

A Russian View on Landpower

Author: Mr Keir Giles, Maj Gen Aleksandr V Rogovoy Russia’s seizure of Crimea, and ongoing operations in eastern Ukraine, have refocused attention on the Russian military as a potential cause for concern in Europe. This Letort Paper, by an influential Russian general and military academic, lays out specifically Russian views on the essential nature of …

A Russian View on Landpower Read More »

Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises

Author: Dr Richard Weitz China and Russia have engaged in an increasing number of joint exercises in recent years. These drills aim to help them deter and, if necessary, defeat potential threats, such as Islamist terrorists trying to destabilize a Central Asian government, while at the same time reassuring their allies that Russia and China …

Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises Read More »

Russia and the Caspian Sea: Projecting Power or Competing for Influence?

Author: Dr Tracey German This monograph examines Russia’s policy toward the Caspian Sea region as Moscow attempts to counterbalance growing American involvement within what it perceives to be its zone of privileged interest. It focuses on the recent expansion of the Caspian Flotilla and the rationale behind it. Moscow has sought to counterbalance the growing …

Russia and the Caspian Sea: Projecting Power or Competing for Influence? Read More »

Russian Military Politics and Russia’s 2010 Defense Doctrine

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank These three papers represent the third monograph to come out of the SSI-U.S. State Department conference “Contemporary issues in International Security,” that took place at the Finnish Embassy in Washington, DC, on January 25-26, 2010. This monograph consists of three deeply probing essays into the genesis of Russia’s 2010 defense …

Russian Military Politics and Russia’s 2010 Defense Doctrine Read More »

U.S. Military Engagement with Transcaucasia and Central Asia

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank The Clinton administration has proclaimed a strategy to engage and enlarge the democratic community of states. By virtue of their strategic location adjacent to Russia, the Middle East, and Europe s periphery, and their large-scale oil and natural gas deposits, Transcaucasia and Central Asia have become important testing grounds of …

U.S. Military Engagement with Transcaucasia and Central Asia Read More »

Population Diversity and the U.S. Army

Editor: COL Lloyd J Matthews, Dr Tinaz Pavri The Army War College, through its Strategic Outreach Program, makes a concerted effort to connect with various American civilian entities not only to promote mutual understanding, but also to find collaborative solutions for military problems that ultimately affect all Americans. Spelman College, positioned at the core of …

Population Diversity and the U.S. Army Read More »

Opening Pandora’s Box: Ethnicity and Central Asian Militaries

Author: LTC Dianne L Smith The author examines whether ethnic consciousness affects military service and the specific roles played by ethnic groups within the armed forces, or if military institutions affect ethnicity. The Soviets used military service as a tool to break down ethnicity and create a “New Soviet Man.” They failed. Do Central Asian …

Opening Pandora’s Box: Ethnicity and Central Asian Militaries Read More »

Russia’s Armed Forces on the Brink of Reform

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank Despite over a dozen years of talk, the Soviet and now Russian military has not undergone a true military reform. What did happen was a form of degeneration and disintegration, but not a methodically planned and directed transformation and/or adaptation to new conditions. Consequently, defense policy, in all of its …

Russia’s Armed Forces on the Brink of Reform Read More »