Saudi Arabia

Can Egypt Lead the Arab World Again? Assessing Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Policy

Author: Mr Gregory Aftandilian This monograph examines the possibility of Egypt leading the Arab world again, and how that effort, if successful, will present opportunities and challenges for U.S. policy. At the present time, Egypt is not in a position to do so given its many domestic problems stemming from its turbulent politics since 2011 …

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The New Arab Regional Order: Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Policy

Author: Mr Gregory Aftandilian This monograph examines the new Arab regional order that has emerged over the past few years and analyzes opportunities and challenges for U.S. strategic interests. The regional order encompasses: 1) an anti-Islamist grouping of countries that came about largely in reaction to Muslim Brotherhood rule in Egypt in 2012-2013; and, 2) …

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The Saudi-Iranian Rivalry and the Future of Middle East Security

Author: Dr W Andrew Terrill Saudi Arabia and Iran have often behaved as serious rivals for influence in the Middle East and especially the Gulf area since at least Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution and the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War. While both nations define themselves as Islamic, the differences between their foreign policies could hardly be more …

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Land Power and Dual Containment: Rethinking America’s Policy in the Gulf

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere In an attempt to regain some control of the strategic commodity, Washington developed special relationships with the two foremost oil procedures, Iran (under the Shah) and Saudi Arabia. In 1979 the Shah was overthrown and, with the rise of the Ayatollah Khomeini, America became—in the eyes of Iranians—the Great Satan. …

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Searching for Stable Peace in the Persian Gulf

Author: Dr Kenneth Katzman, Dr Stephen C Pelletiere Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain …

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Managing Strains in the Coalition: What to Do About Saddam?

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere For 5 years U.S. policy has managed to steer a coalition of states which share broad interests in regional stability and free trade. Yet below these common interests, the United States has walked a tightrope stretched between competing objectives vis-à-vis Iraq, e.g., undermining Saddam while preserving Iraq as a counterweight …

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Yemen and Stability in the Persian Gulf: Confronting the Threat from Within

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere Yemen is one of the oldest societies in the Middle East. It sits athwart one of the world’s most strategic waterways, and hence, throughout the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union contended for influence over it. With the end of the Cold War, Yemen’s fortunes sank. Soviet support …

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