Syria

Turkey and the United States on the Brink: Implications for NATO and the US-Turkish Strategic and Military Partnership

Author: Kamal A. Beyoghlow, PhD This monograph analyzes the current political tensions between the United States and Turkey and suggests ways to manage them. The two countries have been strategic allies since at least the end of World War II—Turkey became a North Atlantic Treaty Organization member and participated with its military forces in the …

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Strategic Insights: After the Smoke Clears in Syria: Dilemmas for U.S. Strategy Remain

Author: Dr Christopher J Bolan In the wake of recent U.S. and Israeli military strikes, the potential for expanded U.S. military engagement in the Syrian civil war is growing and U.S. policymakers will need to plot a smart strategic course ahead. In doing so, they will need to conduct an honest appraisal of America’s interests …

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The Turning Point for Russian Foreign Policy

Author: Mr Keir Giles This Letort Paper analyzes the drivers of assertive military action by Russia, as exemplified by interventions in Ukraine and Syria. It identifies key turning points in Russia’s perception of external threat, and the roots of Russian responses to this threat making use of a capacity for military, political, and diplomatic leverage …

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Antiquities Destruction and Illicit Sales as Sources of ISIS Funding and Propaganda

Author: Dr W Andrew Terrill The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) has embarked on a campaign to destroy or sell priceless world heritage relics throughout the area under its control. While images of the outrageous destruction of priceless artifacts have been seen throughout the world, the strategic and military implications of comprehensive antiquities …

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Arab Threat Perceptions and the Future of the U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East

Author: Dr W Andrew Terrill The threat perceptions of many Arab states aligned with the United States have changed significantly as a result of such dramatic events as the 2011 U.S. military withdrawal from Iraq, the emergence and then fading of the Arab Spring, the rise of Iranian power and Tehran’s nuclear agreement with key …

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Iraq’s Shia Warlords and Their Militias: Political and Security Challenges and Options

Author: Dr Norman Cigar As America’s de facto co-belligerents who often share the same battlespace in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, the presence and activity of Iraq’s Shia warlords and their militias have an impact on U.S. interests and policies at both the strategic and operational levels. The objective of …

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The Gulf Moment: Arab Relations Since 2011

Author: Dr Florence Gaub This monograph examines the impact that the “Arab Spring” has had on how Arab states relate to each other post-regime change and post-Islamist electoral victory. It shows that the region is undergoing a profound change as some traditional regional policy actors are paralyzed by internal turmoil (such as Syria and Egypt), …

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Security Implications of the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East

Author: Dr Sami G Hajjar This monograph addresses the important question of the security implications for the nations of the region of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. The Strategic Studies Institute is pleased to offer the monograph as a contribution to the national security debate on this important issue. …

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Syria and the Peace: A Good Chance Missed

Author: Dr Helena Cobban One of the more dismaying aspects of the current peace process has been the failure of Syria and Israel to make a deal. According to Christian Science Monitor correspondent Helena Cobban, these two long-standing foes came very close to composing their decades-old quarrel. The Syrian and Israeli leaders persevered to overcome …

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The Peace process, Phase One: Past Accomplishments, Future Concerns

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere As a result of a conference on the peace process in the Middle East, co-hosted by the Strategic Studies Institute and North Georgia College in March 1996, the authors discussed the developing crisis in that area. They have analyzed three crucial areas of relations between Israel and its Arab neighbors–Jordan, …

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Assad and the Peace Process: The Pivotal Role of Lebanon

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere The world is waiting for peace in the Middle East. At present the possibility of a settlement is delayed by differences between Israel and Syria. The two are far apart on how to solve one of the thornier problems of the negotiations–the eventual status of the Golan Heights. That Syria’s …

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Hamas and Hizbollah: The Radical Challenge to Israel in the Occupied Territories

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere This study argues that Hamas and Hizbollah, the two main religious groups fighting Israel, probably are more threatening to U.S. interests than is generally believed. It discusses the various openings that the groups were able to exploit to advance themselves, and particularly how they profited from errors on the Israelis’ …

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Responding to Terrorism across the Technological Spectrum

Author: Dr Bruce Hoffman In April 1994, the Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute held its annual Strategy Conference. This year’s theme was “The Revolution in Military Affairs: Defining an Army for the 21st Century.” Dr. Bruce Hoffman presented this paper as part of a panel examining “New Technologies and New Threats.” Terrorism, of course, …

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Turkey’s Strategic Position at the Crossroads of World Affairs

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank, Dr William T Johnsen, Dr Stephen C Pelletiere This report analyzes the implications of Turkey’s policies and the reactions of Turkey’s neighbors in three discrete chapters. The authors focus their conclusions and options for U.S. policymakers on the effect of Turkish policies in Europe, the Middle East, and the former …

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