tactics

Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq, 2003-09: A Case of Operational Surprise and Institutional Response

Author: Brigadier Andrew Smith Surprise is a familiar term in military writings and is enshrined in most nations’ doctrine. Surprises that emerge in tactics, however, can also operate at the strategic and operational levels and are particularly dangerous because they can test the relevance and adaptability of military forces and the “institutional” defense establishments that …

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Preparing for Asymmetry: As Seen Through the Lens of Joint Vision 2020

Author: Ms Melissa Applegate Since the mid-1990s, the concept of strategic asymmetry has begun to receive serious attention from the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). The 1997 Quadrennial Defense Review, for instance, stated, “U.S. dominance in the conventional military arena may encourage adversaries to use…asymmetric means to attack our forces and interests overseas and Americans …

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