United States

Senior Conference 55—The Emerging Environment in the Indo-Pacific Region: Drivers, Directions, and Decisions

Editors: Dr Terry Babcock-Lumish, COL Tania Chacho, MAJ Tom Fox, MAJ Zachary Griffiths As the Indo-Pacific region enters a period of uncertainty, this monograph details the proceedings of West Point’s 2019 Senior Conference 55. Scholars and practitioners convened to discuss and debate strategic changes, and experts shared thoughts during keynote addresses and panels on economics, …

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Professionalizing the Iraqi Army: US Engagement after the Islamic State

Author: Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff Security cooperation with Iraq remains a critical component of the US-Iraq relationship. Despite neighboring Iran’s ability to limit US political and economic engagement, Iraq still seeks US assistance to develop its military and to combat resurgent terrorist organizations. This monograph provides a historical and cultural basis from which to understand …

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Turkey and the United States on the Brink: Implications for NATO and the US-Turkish Strategic and Military Partnership

Author: Kamal A. Beyoghlow, PhD This monograph analyzes the current political tensions between the United States and Turkey and suggests ways to manage them. The two countries have been strategic allies since at least the end of World War II—Turkey became a North Atlantic Treaty Organization member and participated with its military forces in the …

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Outplayed: Regaining Strategic Initiative in the Gray Zone, A Report Sponsored by the Army Capabilities Integration Center in Coordination with Joint Staff J-39/Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment Branch

Author: LTC Charles R Burnett, COL William J Cain Jr, LTC Christopher D Compton, Mr Nathan P Freier, LTC Sean M Hankard, Prof Robert S Hume, LTC Gary R Kramlich II, COL J Matthew Lissner, LTC Tobin A Magsig, COL Daniel E Mouton, Mr Michael S Muztafago, COL James M Schultze, Prof John F Troxell, …

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Mastering the Gray Zone: Understanding a Changing Era of Conflict

Author: Dr Michael J Mazarr Discussions of an emerging practice of “gray zone” conflict have become increasingly common throughout the U.S. Army and the wider national security community, but the concept remains ill-defined and poorly understood. This monograph aims to contribute to the emerging dialogue about competition and rivalry in the gray zone by defining …

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The United States and Latin America: Shaping an Elusive Future

Author: Dr Donald E Schulz The demise of the Cold War has produced not an “End of History” but a “New World Disorder,” which may well become more tumultuous in the decades ahead. Thus, it is crucial at this turn of the millennium to reconsider the prospects for regional security, the challenges that both new …

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Security and Civil-Military Relations in the New World Disorder: The Use of Armed Forces in the Americas

Editor: Dr Max G Manwaring In December 1998, the U.S. Army War College joined with the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and the George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University to cosponsor a conference entitled “The Use of Land Forces in the Americas.” It was held on December …

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New Century, Old Thinking: The Dangers of the Perceptual Gap in U.S.-China Relations

Author: COL Susan M Puska The author provides an examination of the reciprocal relations between China and the United States over the past century and a half. She articulates the theme that cycles of misperception have characterized the relationship. If this past is prologue, then potential conflict looms darkly over future U.S.-China interactions. The first …

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“Enhancing” the Australian-U.S. Defense Relationship: A Guide to U.S. Policy

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young Notwithstanding the end of U.S. basing in the Philippines, a revised defense framework with Japan, and starts and stops in Chinese-American military contacts, U.S. security relationships in the Pacific have enjoyed remarkable continuity since the end of the Cold War. The United States has promoted, thus far successfully, its role as …

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Canada, Getting It Right This Time the 1994 Defence White Paper

Author: Dr Joel J Sokolsky In April the Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute hosted its Annual Strategy Conference. This year’s theme, “Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning From the Past and the Present,” brought together scholars, serving and retired military officers, and civilian defense officials from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom …

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Pandora’s Box Reopened: Ethnic Conflict in Europe and Its Implications

Author: Dr William T Johnsen The resurgence of ethnic animosities in Europe has substantial consequences for the United States, which has a vital interest in maintaining peace and stability in Europe. Because ethnic conflict potentially represents a significant threat to those national objectives, a strong likelihood exists that the United States will continue to be …

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