Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat

Author: Dr Jeffrey Record The author examines the Axis defeat in World War II and concludes that the two main causes were resource inferiority (after 1941) and strategic incompetence—i.e., pursuit of imperial ambitions beyond the reach of its actual power. Until 1941 Axis military fortunes thrived, but the addition in that year of the Soviet …

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